Peru: Journalists receive pre-election death threatsEnglish PEN was disturbed to learn of the death threats received by César Levano and Arturo Belaúnde, respectively editor and president of the board of the daily newspaper La Primera. The paper has been openly supportive of one of the leading candidates in the second round of Peru's presidential elections due to take place on 5 June. Both Levano and Belaúnde were sent funeral wreaths on 11 May, supposedly by the press freedom organization Press and Society Institute (IPYS), which has been active in pressing the two leading presidential candidates on their commitment to press freedom issues. Levano was threatened again on 12 May. The threats coincide with a spate of assaults on and dismissals of broadcast journalists in Peru, also for reasons connected to the elections. English PEN calls on the Peruvian authorities to investigate the death threats against Levano and Belaúnde and to provide them and all other threatened journalists with adequate protection, and recommends that all our members and friends write to the Peruvian authorities to this effect.
The following is a press release issued by Reporters Without Borders on 13 May 2011 (Spanish and French versions also available). For the original version, please click here:
Amid witch-hunt before second round, candidates urged to keep press freedom promises
There is no clear front-runner in the presidential election run-off between Ollanta Humala and Keiko Fujimori that is due to take place on 5 June but, with three weeks still to go, the campaign is already having a devastating impact on Peru's media.
The most serious case concerns César Levano, the editor of the daily La Primera, and Arturo Belaúnde, the president of its board. Wreaths for both were delivered to the newspaper's Lima headquarters on 11 May. One bore the words "Rest In Peace" and identified the sender as the Lima-based Press and Society Institute (IPYS), Peru's leading press freedom organization.
Levano told Reporters Without Borders he received another death threat yesterday morning. An anonymous caller told his secretary: "Tell César Levano we are not joking about [the wreaths] and that next time we will kill him."
"La Primera's editorial support for Humala is well known, as are IPYS's activities, including its debate on free speech with the two second-round candidates on 29 April, at which firm pledges were given," Reporters Without Borders said. "Attacking La Primera and smearing IPYS's reputation is to insult the principle of editorial diversity and media freedom and pour scorn on those who embody and defend freedom of expression."
The press freedom organization added: "We hope that an investigation will quickly establish the sources of these threats. We also think it is important that the two candidates should publicly reiterate their promises to guarantee press freedom and respect for the editorial choices made by every news media, regardless of its political tendencies."
Hate and violence
In another case, around 100 presumed Humala supporters attacked Jaime De Althaus, the producer of a programme on the TV station Canal N, in Lima on 6 May. Reporters Without Borders welcomes the immediate condemnation that was issued by David Abugatás, the spokesman of Humala's party, Gana Perú. De Althaus nonetheless reports getting more telephone death threats on the night of 11 May.
José Luis Lizárraga, who works for radio Súper Éxito, and José Mandujano, who works for radio Studio 99, were roughed up by Fujimori bodyguards in Satipo, in the central region of Junín, on 5 May, IPYS reports.
The media have unfortunately helped to exacerbate the pre-election climate, with a spate of dismissals (or resignations) of journalists between the two rounds. Most of the dismissed journalists have reportedly been Humala supporters. They include Patricia Montero and José Jara, who were fired from Canal N after resisting pressure to support Fujimori. Canal N is owned by two newspapers, the pro-Fujimori El Comercio and the pro-Humala La República, but El Comercio has the controlling interest.
In the southern city of Arequipa, Federico Rosado Zavala, Jorge Alvarez and Jesús Coa resigned from Radio Líder after the station's management asked them not to criticize Fujimori because the station has signed an advertising contract with her party, Fuerza 2011. Two other journalists reportedly resigned from Perú 21, a daily owned by the El Comercio group. And the owners of América TV are reportedly planning to fire news director Laura Puertas and other journalists for the same reason after the election.
"These forced or voluntary departures raise many doubts about the principle of fairness that is supposed to prevail during election campaigns," Reporters Without Borders added. "Editorial preference for one or other candidate does not in any way prevent pluralist coverage of the campaign and certainly does not justify a witch-hunt.
"By yielding to this temptation some media are encouraging the impression that the candidates themselves are pressuring the media although this has not been demonstrated. This situation is affecting the democratic debate. This is all the more reason for the candidates to keep the promises they made during the campaign."
Media freedom has been suffering serious setbacks of late in Peru. Radio Ollantay programme producer Julio Castillo Narváez was shot dead in the northwestern city of Virú on 3 May, World Press Freedom Day. In addition to this murder and many cases journalists being physically attacked or harassed, two journalists are currently in prison on criminal defamation charges. We call for their release.
- 'Peru candidates pledge to respect press freedom--will they?' (6 May 2011) (English only)
- 'Amenaza macabra, al estilo fujimontesinista' (12 May 2011) (Spanish only)
- 'Perú: Dos importantes periodistas son amenazados de muerte' (13 May 2011) (Spanish only)
Please send appeals:
- Condemning the death threats received by César Levano and Arturo Belaúnde, respectively editor and president of the board of the daily newspaper La Primera;
- Protesting the attempt to smear the respected organisation Press and Society Institute (IPYS), which has been active in pressing the two leading presidential candidates on their commitment to press freedom issues;
- Calling on the Peruvian authorities to investigate the death threats against Levano and Belaúnde in order to establish the source, and to provide them and all other threatened journalists with adequate protection.
Dr. Alan García Pérez
Presidente de la República del Perú
Jr. de la Unión S/N 1ra. Cuadra, Cercado de Lima, Lima, Peru
Fax: 51 1 311 3940
Email: Messages can be sent to the President via this link.
Salutation: Su Excelencia/ Your Excellency
Please also send copies of your appeals to the Peruvian Embassy in the UK:
His Excellency Mr Hernán Couturier
Embassy of Peru
52 Sloane Street,
Fax: 0207 235 4463