News: International Mother Language Day
Today marks International Mother Language Day, a day which recognizes the importance of linguistic and cultural diversity and promotes the protection of languages. Celebrated since 2000, the theme of the day this year is ‘Mother tongue instruction and inclusive education.’
The reasons for the International Mother Language Day are clear. Language plays a vital role in relation to identity, communication, social integration, education and development. It is estimated that, without measures to protect and promote minority and endangered languages, half of the 6000 plus languages spoken today will disappear by the end of this century, with 96 percent of these languages spoken by a mere 4 percent of the world’s population. 29 percent of the world’s languages are in danger, with a further 10 percent vulnerable, according to UNESCO. This year’s theme refers to the importance of language in accessing quality education and encourages UNESCO member states to promote instruction and education in the mother tongue.
International Mother Language Day originated to recognize the language movement day in Bangladesh, which has been commemorated in Bangladesh since 1952 to remember students’ struggle for the right to use their mother language. The day was declared by the General Conference of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) on November 1999.
PEN International has been at the forefront of the campaign to ensure the protection and promotion of linguistic diversity. The Girona Manifesto, a tool to aid the dissemination and implementation of the Universal Declaration on Linguistic Rights (UDLR), was developed by PEN International’s Translation and Linguistic Rights Committee in May 2011, fifteen years after leading a coalition of civil-society and international organisations (including UNESCO) developed the UDLR at the 1996 World Conference on Linguistic Rights in Barcelona.
For more information see the UNESCO International Mother Language Day page here.
See the UNESCO Atlas of the World’s Languages in danger here.
To read more about the Girona Manifesto and to read the document in over 30 languages click here or visit the ‘In Focus’ section on the Girona Manifesto (left). We encourage PEN Centres to translate the Manifesto into their own language(s) – please contact Ruth at firstname.lastname@example.org for more information.
Source : PEN
International Mother Language Day, 21 February 2012
Why International Mother Language Day?
Linguistic and cultural diversity represent universal values that strengthen the unity and cohesion of societies. The recognition of the importance of linguistic diversity led to UNESCO’s decision to celebrate International Mother Language Day.
When was it launched?
The 30th session of the General Conference of UNESCO in 1999 decided that the Organization would launch and observe an International Mother Language Day on 21 February every year throughout the world.
What does it celebrate?
International Mother Language Day’s objective is to promote linguistic diversity and multilingual education, and to develop fuller awareness of linguistic and cultural traditions based on understanding, tolerance and dialogue.
Who is involved?
UNESCO’s Director-General launches the celebration and gives the orientation, but it is the Member States worldwide who are the key players through their national institutions and associations. As well as widespread media interest, schools, universities and cultural associations play an active part in promoting the goals of International Mother Language Day.
What can you do?
Some practical suggestions for:Schoolteachers:
- Do pupils know that many children in their schools may have mother language(s) that are different from the languages used in their schools?
- Teachers can get these children to introduce themselves and talk about their families and their cultures, and teach a little of their mother language to other children.
- They can read poetry, tell a story or sing a song in their mother language. Paintings and drawings with captions in mother languages can be displayed inside and outside schools.
- They may know that their fellow students come from a different culture and use a different language but they don’t take the time to find out more. This is the opportunity to do so.
- They can make a survey on mother languages existing on the campus by interviewing fellow students and publish the results on internet.
- Cultural activities such as films, plays and music that celebrate different languages can be organized.
- Every year UNESCO produces press information about the Day.
- Local and national media can play a part by producing articles on the local languages spoken in their regions and the cultural
The (M)Other Tongue: Broadcasts on bilingual education todaySOAS Radio, UNESCO’s partner from the University of London’s School of Oriental & African Studies provides global perspectives on the debate.
Source : Unesco